China’s 7 most significant historical sites you should visit

China’s 7 most significant historical sites you should visit, USEFUL, CHINESE CULTURE, HISTORY, CHINESE CITIES, VIEW, TRAVEL TIPS,

China’s 7 most significant historical sites you should visit

Chinese portal  China has a history of thousands of years, which gives it a lot of historical sites. Here, we introduce you to the seven most significant historical sites in China, all of which are on the UNESCO World Heritage List.

1. The Great Wall: the Longest Defensive System in the World

China’s 7 most significant historical sites you should visit, USEFUL, CHINESE CULTURE, HISTORY, CHINESE CITIES, VIEW, TRAVEL TIPS,The Great Wall of China is one of the greatest sights in the world.

In ancient China the Great Wall was used as a defense against the invasion of Mongolians and Manchus north of China. Today, the Great Wall is a symbol of China, together with Tian’anmen, and the five stars or the Communist flag.

2. The Forbidden City: 9999 Rooms for 14 Emperors

China’s 7 most significant historical sites you should visit, USEFUL, CHINESE CULTURE, HISTORY, CHINESE CITIES, VIEW, TRAVEL TIPS,The Forbidden City (or the Palace Museum) is one of the must-visit attractions for travelers to China. It used to be an imperial palace in the Ming (1368–1644) and Qing (1644–1911) dynasties. It has housed 24 emperors.

The layout of this palace is strictly according to Chinese fengshui theory. China’s best-preserved imperial palace is the world’s largest ancient palatial structure (7.2 ha. or 17.8 ac.), the essence and culmination of traditional Chinese architectural accomplishment.

3. The Terracotta Army: First Emperor Qin's Buried Battalions

China’s 7 most significant historical sites you should visit, USEFUL, CHINESE CULTURE, HISTORY, CHINESE CITIES, VIEW, TRAVEL TIPS,The Terracotta Army is candidate for the title “eighth wonder of the world” and the is largest military museum underground. An interesting fact is that all the terracotta soldiers were made to face east towards Emperor Qin's enemies of the Warring States Period (475–221 BC).

4. The Potala Palace: Masterpiece of Tibetan Architecture

China’s 7 most significant historical sites you should visit, USEFUL, CHINESE CULTURE, HISTORY, CHINESE CITIES, VIEW, TRAVEL TIPS,If you are interested in Tibetan culture, the Potala Palace is the attraction which you should not miss.

There are plenty of precious historical relics in the palace, including over 10,000 Buddha statues made of gold, silver, jade, wood, or clay, and about 10,000 thangkas (scroll paintings related to Budhhism). The gorgeous mural paintings, wooden carvings, and color paintings used for decoration are outstanding.

5. The Summer Palace: China’s Largest Imperial Garden

China’s 7 most significant historical sites you should visit, USEFUL, CHINESE CULTURE, HISTORY, CHINESE CITIES, VIEW, TRAVEL TIPS,The Summer Palace is China’s largest imperial garden, built according to the blueprint of Hangzhou’s West Lake. UNESCO added this 300-hectare (740-acre) site to the World Heritage List in 1998, and described it as “...a masterpiece of Chinese landscape garden design. The natural landscape of hills and open water is combined with artificial features such as pavilions, halls, palaces, temples and bridges to form a harmonious ensemble of outstanding aesthetic value.”

6. The Mogao Grottoes: a Holy Land of Buddhist Art

China’s 7 most significant historical sites you should visit, USEFUL, CHINESE CULTURE, HISTORY, CHINESE CITIES, VIEW, TRAVEL TIPS,The Mogao Grottoes are famous for their exquisite mural paintings and Buddha statues. It has 735 grottoes, 450,000 square meters of mural paintings, 2,415 colored Buddha statues made of clay, and more than 50,000 historical relics. All of these make the Mogao Grottoes the largest and the most significant “holy land” of Buddhist art.

7. The Three Confucius Sites

China’s 7 most significant historical sites you should visit, USEFUL, CHINESE CULTURE, HISTORY, CHINESE CITIES, VIEW, TRAVEL TIPS,Confucianism is a cornerstone of Chinese civilization. The Three Confucius Historical Sites (三孔 San Kong) are all in Qufu, Shandong Province. Ancient architectural buildings, ancient stone tablets, and Confucius culture are the highlights.

The Kong Family Mansion was where the descendants of Confucius lived. It is huge and designed to reflect Confucian philosophy in its separation of areas for work, reception, and relaxation. The 480 rooms house a treasure of relics including imperial calligraphy.